Thursday 29 September 2011

Making a pair of Candlesticks.

These Candlesticks ore made to look old as the outlet they are going to sells old pine furniture that has been painted over the years.
They are turned from pine joinery quality timber from the local builders merchants.
The form of these are not completely my own idea they are roughly based on  a candlestick Les Thorn made in a demo at the AWGB Seminar earlier in the year.
Les also introduced me to a book by Stuart E.Dyas called Classic Forms.
The book contains a mass of useful information on classical forms used in Woodworking and architecture.
Thank you Les.
If you want to any of these pics just click on the pic.

The first thing you need is to make a template or reference board.It might be possible to make a one off candlestick  by eye and guesswork but if you want to make pairs you will have to make a board.
To make the initial board I drew the sizes on some lining wallpaper until I was satisfied the dimensions looked right.I am a great beleiver in if it looks right it is right.When I was satisfied it looket balanced and in proportion the dimensions were transfered to a piece of MDF.
I always make templets out of MDF so that they can be saved for another day.If they are on paper sooner or later they get distroyed or worn out.

As you can see from the above pics all the sizes are marked and one side has been cut to shape.
This gives me a visual aid and all my sizes are at hand.
It is important that your dimensions are accurate as you will be transferring them onto your wood later.  The cut out is just a reminder of the form you are creating.
A useful tip you will have noticed above is to use a n hacksaw blade and a piece of wire to create shapes.

The next job is to prepare all of your timber and have them at hand ready to start.

This is a 4" square 1" over length to allow enough for a 1/2" tenon on both ends.Two of these are rounded down to an Even thickness with a spindle roughing gouge.
Next the sizing and reference marks are transfered from your template to the roughed out cylinder.
A Mark Sanger tip Create an indent for your pencil to sit in on your template it makes marking easier.
With all of our reverence points marked we are ready to turn them down to size.What we are doing here is turning down with a parting tool to our high spots to give us a reference to start creating our shapes.
Here I am using a parting tool to take the wood down to the desired thickness.As I am using the tool in one hand and holding the callipers in the other I am using the parting tool in a scraping mode for safety.

Here the wood is turned down for the spigot and next to it it is turned down to where my cove will be.The cove will be created between the two lines leaving a shoulder both sides.The piece next to that you can see where my ball will be created with a pencil line marking the centre as this will help me get a balanced ball.I will work both ways either side of this line as I do not want to remove the line as this will make sure  the biggest possible diameter is left.
As you can see I am creating the ball with a spindle roughing gouge prior to reining the shape with a spindle gouge or skew chisel.
The shape I am creating here is called a Baluster this has to be a nice flowing shape to look right.
As you can see my template is positioned behind the piece I am turning .
It is the wrong hand but it does not realy matter
That is the two stems turned and sanded.

We now we need to make a top and bottom.

The four pieces are cut from 6" x 3" pine .The rounds are marked and the corners cut off.
You can cut these strait into rounds if you want but I just find it quicker on small stuff to knock off the corners.
As you can see I am using a screw chuck the hole will not be seen as it will be inside mortise and hidden from view.

The blanks are mounted on the lathe with the screw chuck held in the Axminster precision chuck with the tailstock brought up to give support while roughing out.
Here I am putting two marks on the blank one for the mortise and the other to show where the shoulder will start.
I am using deviders and making sure that only the left hand point touches.
When turning cross grain pine use as high a speed that is safe and take small cuts as big shards /splinters can break off if you take big cuts.
I am now making a recess with a thin parting tool to fit my Axminster C jaws this is 70mm .This will serve as the recess for work holding then it will be used on the finished piece for setting the candle in.
On the base it will not show as it will be on the underside.

All four pieces are now turned down to the right outer size and a recess made in them all.

Make sure that all of the tops are slightly concave and sanded .This will make the bases stable and the tops will look good with a sanded finish.
All four of these will now be held in the C jaws and turned to a final shape and sanded.

Both of these pieces show the recess to take the spiggot.

A correct fit not too tight as you have to allow a bit for glue.

 Both bases fitted and the two tops ready to finish.

This is how I achieved the final finish and colour.
After gluing up with hot melt glue both candlesticks are painted white with acrylic satin emushion paint.
Before they are dry I wipe of as much paint as I can with a soft cloth.
When the paint is dry it is sanded with 320 grade paper.
Then the whole thing is further sanded down with 600 grade paper and a slurry of mixed liming and verdigris wax.
Neat Verdigris wax has been put on the detail as above because I wanted the colour to be heavier in these areas.

That is after the final sanding with the wax slurry.As you can see there is a lot of cleaning up to do.
I removed the wax with finishing oil and lots of paper roll.

Two final coats of finishing oil.
This is the end result and I am very pleased how they turned out.

Wednesday 28 September 2011

A pair of Candlesticks

These candlestick are 21" high x 4" wide turned from Pine joinery timber.
After turning I painted them with the same blue paint as I painted my workshop in the back of the picture.
Immediately after painting and before the paint was dry I wiped of as much paint as possible with a cloth.
I immediately then rubbed in Liming wax and over coated them with finishing oil.

Saturday 24 September 2011

Rustic Hawthorn bowl

Today I had a call from a lady that had seen a Hawthorn Hollow form of mine at Somerset crafts.
She loves Hawthorn but would prefer a bowl to a hollow form.
As I have still got some quite big Hawthorn I offered to make her one.
Her one stipulation was that it had to be rustic.
Things never went quite to plan as the following pics will show.

I had a piece of Hawthorn trunk about four feet long and 12" wide so I cut it into pieces about 12" long and one I cut into the round on the bandsaw.

Click on pics to enlarge

As you can see there is evidence of some bark inclusion.

What I did not expect is what happened next the bowl split in two and one piece whistled past my ear.

The bark inclusion was obviously right through the wood.
I suppose if there is a moral to this story it is always be aware of what might happen Stay out of line of fire if you are unsure of the stability of the blank you are using and always wear a face mask.

Anyway the problem was overcome by turning another piece as the following pics show.
The lady is picking it up tomorrow if she likes it.

She said Rustic she has got Rustic

This is Anne the lovely lady that comisioned this bowl and she is very pleased with it and I think it shows

Sunday 18 September 2011

Another Finishing texturing and colouring coarse weekend over.

Thats another Finishing texturing and colouring weekend over and everybody went away happier and wiser.
I forgot to take pics which is unusual for me but never mind the main thing is that everybody enjoyed themselves.
Because of the success of these courses we are setting the date for our next one.
Our next courses will be strait after Yandles spring show .
We will be holding two one day courses on Sunday 15th and Monday 16th of April next year.
If you want to be sure of getting a place on one of these popular day courses I suggest you book early as we already have bookings.

Tuesday 13 September 2011

Floor standing turned sculpture.

The panels in this piece are textured and coloured Yellow pine approx one foot square.
The frame is MDF.

Monday 12 September 2011

Yandles Show.

Last weekend I was demonstrating at Yandles show in Martock.
This is the first time for me that I have demonstrated for two days although it is a bit tiring toward the end it is a lot of fun.
Lots of people took lots of interest in my hollowing through a small hole with the Crown hollowing system.
It must have been a good demo as Edward from Crown who was managing their stand sold out of all the Hollowing systems in stock.He also took a lot of orders to be sent out to customers.
Several people asked me why I promoted Crown tools and the answer is simple I like them.
A lot of interest was shown in my texturing and colouring techniques using spirit stains and the Jo Sonja's system.
There seems to be a lot of turners who are having a go at texturing and colouring their work recently I suppose it is because turners like myself are showing a lot of coloured work on Forum's which can only be good for woodturning.
Mark Sanger has promised me some pics from the show and as soon as I receive them they will be uploaded here.
Here are a couple of pics sent to me by AdrianCobb.Thank you Adrian.

The following pics were taken by Mark Sanger.

Anyone can play safe at a demo and hollow through a big hole but to show what can actually be achieved with a hollowing system you need to work through a small hole. 
The hole in this Form is 3/4"
In my workshop I would hollow these through an evan smaller hole with this system so I was playing a bit safe.

Over the coarse of two days I hollowed about five of these as well as making a number of textured and coloured bowls.
One thing I have noticed at shows is that a few demonstrators pace themselves and create very little.
I know it is important to talk to the public but I think some demonstrators need to learn to talk and work at the same time. 
It looks like this chap has to shout to make himself heard.

Hollowing through a small hole
Showing off.